Brain Injury, ADHD, LD What's the Difference?

Sharon Grandinette, M.S.
Brain injury and ADHD are not the same. The cognitive challenges of students with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often mistaken for an attention deficit (ADHD) or learning disability. This tip card helps educators and parents describe the similarities and differences among students with acquired brain injuries, attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) and learning disabilities (LD). It explains why these conditions are so often confused and why special education services may be needed for students with brain injuries.

Most educators are more familiar with ADHD and learning disabilities than traumatic brain injury. This tip card describes the causes and methods for diagnosis of traumatic brain injury, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disability. It explains why and how pre-injury factors, patterns of recovery, and special learning and behavioral patterns distinguish these conditions. There is an excellent chart comparing the three diagnoses and needs of the student for easy reference by parents, educators and therapists.

Pages 8
Year 2006