Attention After Brain Injury

Attention may be the most important cognitive skill but it can be affected by a brain injury or stroke. This tip card helps survivors, therapists, clinicians and families understand 5 types of attention: focused, sustained, selective, alternating, and divided. Authors give practical strategies for improving attention in rehabilitation, at home, in school, at work, or in the community.

Suggested activities are described to work on focused and sustained attention, selective attention, alternating attention, and divided attention. Tips for creating a health body, checking the environment, managing distractions, giving instructions, verbal and visual cueing will help families, friends and caregivers reduce frustration and support positive strategies.

Hemispatial neglect is a specific type of visual attention impairment that is explained. Tips for reducing neglect and using verbal and visual cues are provided for activities such as eating, reading, writing, and walking.

This tip card is highly recommended as a handout for families and individuals with acquired brain injuries such as TBI and stroke. For clinicians using the attention process training programs by Sohlberg and Mateer, this is a great tool to educate and support patients and families.